Epstein's Six Types of Involvement
The Parent, Family, and Community Engagement Plan is based on the framework of Epstein’s Six Types of Involvement, adapted to the needs of the students and families in the Dallas Independent School District.
These Six Types of Family Engagement are critical to the goal of maximizing student academic achievement:TYPE 1--PARENTING
Assist families with parenting and child-rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families. (examples)TYPE 2--COMMUNICATING
Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school-to-home and home-to-school communications. (examples)TYPE 3--VOLUNTEERING
Improve recruitment, training, work, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences at the school or in other locations to support students and school programs. (examples)
TYPE 4--LEARNING AT HOME
Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-linked activities and decisions. (examples)TYPE 5--DECISION MAKING
Include families as participants in school decisions, governance, and advocacy through PTA/PTO, school councils, committees, and other parent organizations. (examples)TYPE 6--COLLABORATING WITH THE COMMUNITY
Coordinate resources and services for families, students, and the school with businesses, agencies, and other groups, and provide services to the community. (examples)“There are many reasons for developing school, family, and community partnerships. They can improve school programs and school climate, provide family services and support, increase parents’ skills and leadership, connect families with others in the school and in the community, and help teachers with their work. However, the main reason to create such partnerships is to help all youngsters succeed in school and inlater life.” (Epstein, 2001)Through this comprehensive school-family-community partnership model, which encourages active participation of parents, family members, and community members, many of the educational needs of our students will be addressed. Our goal is to improve parent and community relations, both for the district and its individual campuses.