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    Counselor and Teacher Resources



  • Glossary of CTE Terms


    COLLEGE & CAREER READINESS (CCR)

    The CCR are designed to represent a full range of knowledge and skills that students need to succeed in entry-level college courses, as well as in a wide range of majors and careers. The goal of the Texas CCR is to establish what students must know and be able to do to succeed in entry-level courses offered at institutions of higher education.

    CAREER & TECHNICAL EDUCATION (CTE)

    Offers students opportunities for career awareness and preparation by providing them with the academic and technical knowledge and work-related skills necessary to be successful in postsecondary education, training, and employment

    CAREER & TECHNICAL STUDENT ORGANIZATION (CTSO)

    Leadership and professional development organizations for students

    CAREER CLUSTER

    Career Clusters help students investigate careers and design their courses of study to advance their career goals. A Career Cluster is a grouping of occupations and broad industries based on commonalities. Within each career cluster, there are multiple career pathways that represent a common set of skills and knowledge, both academic and technical, necessary to pursue a full range of career opportunities within that pathway – ranging from entry level to management, including technical and professional career specialties. Based on the skills sets taught, all CTE courses are aligned with one or more career clusters and career pathways.

    CAREER INSTITUTES

    Prepares students for high skill, high wage, and high demand occupations. It also provides high school students a choice to pursue a Career and Technical Education (CTE) Pathway, work with industry partners, train on state-of-the-art, industry-standard equipment, obtain four or more certifications, and obtain dual credit when appropriate, prior to graduation.

    CERTIFICATE

    A certificate is a formal award granted by an institution of higher education (IHE) certifying the satisfactory completion of a higher education program. Upon completion, a certificate is valid without further action on the individual’s part. They are usually awarded in workforce education areas by public and private two-year institutions. 

    CERTIFICATION

    A certification is a validation that an individual possesses certain skills, usually related to an occupation and measured against a set of accepted standards. An occupation may have multiple certifications, with different levels of expertise. An individual earns a certification by successfully passing a test or battery of tests.

    COHERENT SEQUENCE OF COURSES

    A sequential course of study which develops occupational knowledge, skills and competencies relating to a CTE program of study. Students must have a 4-year plan of study to take two or more CTE courses for 3 or more credits.

    DUAL CREDIT

    A program of study allowing high school students to simultaneously earn credits toward a high school diploma and a post-secondary degree or certificate.

    ENDORSEMENT

    A particular focus area in which students can select from five endorsements - STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), Business & Industry, Public Services, Arts & Humanities, and Multidisciplinary Studies – which will allow them to personalize the plan to their interest in high school.

    EXTERNSHIP

    A temporary training program in a workplace, especially offered to students or teachers as part of a course of study.

    INTERNSHIP

    Students work for an employer for a specified period of time to learn about a particular industry or occupation.

    MENTORSHIP

    The guidance provided by a mentor, especially an experienced person in a company or educational institution.

    NAF (FORMERLY NATIONAL ACADEMY FOUNDATION)

    A national network of education, business, and community leaders who work together to ensure high school students are college, career, and future ready.

    PATHWAY

    A defined coherent sequence of courses or field of study that prepares a student for college or career. Pathways ensure that students are prepared for success in college and careers in higher wage, in-demand fields. Pathways provide a framework that local education agencies (LEAs) can use to work with post-secondary institutions, businesses, and industries to better understand the knowledge and resources needed to prepare students for life after high school.

    PATHWAYS TO TECHNOLOGY EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL (P-TECH)

    An open-enrollment program that provides students with work-based education and offers students a selection of career pathways and courses that provide the academic, technical, and workplace skills that are attractive to employers. Within six years, students can earn a high school diploma, an Associate degree, a two-year post-secondary certificate or industry certification, and complete work-based training. It also allows students to gain work experience through an internship, apprenticeship, or other job training programs.

    PERSONAL GRADUATION PLAN (PGP)

    A working document used by counselors to track student completion of graduation requirements. It is a tool used to document grades, assessments, acceleration, and other state graduation requirements.

    PROGRAM OF STUDY (POS)

    Students plan for a coherent sequence of courses

    PROJECT LEAD THE WAY (PLTW)

    Project Lead the Way (PLTW) is a nonprofit organization that provides a transformative learning experience for PreK-12 students and teachers across the U.S. PLTW empowers students to develop and apply in-demand, transportable skills by exploring real-world challenges.

    TEXAS ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS (TEKS)

    State educational standards for what students should know and be able to do from prekindergarten through high school